Trafficking in human beings for the purpose of labour exploitation (in short, ‘labour exploitation’) assumes many guises. Although sex work is legal in the Netherlands, the term ‘labour exploitation’ is generally used in relation to exploitation outside the sex industry.
Labour exploitation can occur in various sectors and has been found not only in agriculture and horticulture and the cleaning industry, but also in the hospitality industry. This form of exploitation can also take place within households. Although labour exploitation takes a variety of forms, a constant factor is that people are working under compulsion and under poor working conditions. If minors are involved, the use of coercion does not have to be proved.